Photography for Beginners

Photography and the art of taking photos are not the simplest task it once was. Innovations in cameras and technology have taken this once “point and shoot” hobby into a complex industry. Just look at any camera website and a baffling array of sorts and types of cameras will fill your screen. Saying all this, basically there are two types of cameras on sale today.

Two Types of Cameras

Really all this baffling array can be narrowed down to two basic types of cameras: The Compact Camera and the DSLR (Digital Single Lens Reflex) camera.

  • Compact Camera – This type of camera is commonly called the “point & shoot” camera. Small, cheap, light and easy to use it is the world’s favourite camera. Simply press the button and the camera does everything automatically.
  • DSLR Camera – A more serious camera and one really for the professional photographer. This type of camera comes at a cost, and is quite complicated to use. The results are far better than the simple compact, but really you need a photography course to properly use them.

Tips for Beginners

It can take a long time to become a competent photographer and good advice is probably to start off with a compact camera and learn the basics. You can point a camera at a subject one day and get a completely different result the next, why?

It is because the fundamentals of photography have changed for whatever reason. Perhaps the light was different, the camera was set up differently…… there are a myriad of reasons why. And this all has to be learned as well as how to work the actual camera.

The Exposure Triangle

The exposure triangle is the mechanism the camera uses to actually take the photograph. The shutter opens, light goes through the lens and hits a sensor, this is then processed to make an image.

What Affects the Image

There are actually three factors that will affect how the image will come out.

  • The physical size of the opening of the lens
  • How long the opening of the lens last for
  • And how sensitive the sensor in the camera is to the light


Once you feel that you have mastered the technical part, and can handle the camera it is now time to move on. When taking a photograph, you first need to get to grips with your subject matter, and this includes composition. This normally is very instinctive, but for the learner it can be difficult to grasp.

Try to divide the image you wish to take into thirds, using two vertical and two horizontal lines. You will then have nine squares, you can then place important parts of the image as you wish within these squares.

Change the Light or Angle

Most beginners do not understand the importance of light unless it is nighttime, but a simple light meter may change your dull photographs into successful images. And if you are not getting the best out of your chosen subject or scene, then try to change your angle or perspective, you will be amazed at the difference and it can bring a dull image to life. These tips are the basics for anybody considering taking their photography to another level, it is good advice if you are serious in doing this then join a photography club or take a course.